آرمان عدالت

Some levels and dimensions of poverty

Poverty has been considered by various scholars in various aspects, and has raised the following levels:

1. Lack of basic needs: The most common approach to defining poverty is to identify basic human needs. The most important nutritional requirements are the food needed to get a level of energy. The lowest and most important level of poverty is food poverty. Subsequently, deprivation is provided for other needs such as clothing, housing, health and education.

2. Absolute and Relative Poverty: Absolute Poverty is defined as the continuation of survival or the minimum of life. A set of goods and services that is essential for the life of a family, and the boundary between poor and non-poor is considered. The relative poverty of a person's income is lower than the average income of the community (Schiller, 2001: 16-17). Relative poverty is a contractual concept and has different definitions in different societies.

3. Human PovertyThis type of poverty, which is characterized by the Human Poverty Index (HPI), is based on the degree of deprivation of the community in three basic areas of life, namely life expectancy, knowledge and awareness, and acceptable living standards.

4. Deprivation of capabilities. In this view, poverty is not just a low income, and it is referred to as deprivation of basic capabilities. Poverty-based programs are attempting to reduce or eliminate the underlying causes of poverty. The development of general education, health care and, in other words, the promotion of quality of life through the improvement of human development indicators have been suggested as the best solutions in this regard.

It should be noted that poverty has been considered by the thinkers in quantitative and qualitative terms. One of the main signs of realizing social justice is the elimination of various types of poverty. A serious question about our country is which of these levels of poverty there is more in the country? Should the fight be a priority of a particular type? Where should you start?

برچسب‌ها: Poverty، justice